Plant Nutritional Value

A (19) | B (19) | C (48) | D (5) | E (2) | F (11) | G (15) | H (15) | I (9) | J (7) | K (1) | L (9) | M (24) | N (3) | O (5)

Zinc Deficiency

General Information

DEFINITION - Inadequate amounts of zinc in body cells. This affects function of the testes, liver and muscles, and affects the structure of bones, teeth, hair and skin. Zinc is a vital part of many enzymes that facilitate chemical reactions necessary for normal body function - including immune function and skin healing.

Vitamin K Deficiency

General Information

DEFINITION - Inadequate or absent vitamin K, a fat-soluble vitamin necessary for proper blood clotting. Some vitamin K is produced in the gastrointestinal tract.

BODY PARTS INVOLVED - Liver; blood.

Vitamin D Deficiency

General Information

DEFINITION - Insufficient intake or absorption of vitamin D, coupled with too little exposure to sunlight. This deficiency causes rickets in children and osteomalacia (softening of the bone) in adults.

BODY PARTS INVOLVED - Total body, but bones are more affected than other tissues.

Vitamin C Deficiency

General Information

DEFINITION - Illness caused by an inadequate intake of vitamin C. Vitamin C is essential for the body to manufacture collagen, connective tissue that helps form healthy bones, teeth and capillaries, and it promotes wound healing.

BODY PARTS INVOLVED - Bones; teeth; gums; capillaries.

Vitamin B Deficiencies

General Information

DEFINITION - Diseases caused by inadequate or absent B vitamins: B-1 (thiamine); B-2, (riboflavin); niacin; B-6 (pyridoxine); B-12 (cyanocobalamin). Vitamins are organic chemicals that occur in many natural foods. They are necessary for normal body function. B vitamins are water soluble and excess amounts cannot be stored by the body.

Vitamin A Deficiency

General Information

DEFINITION - Insufficient intake or absorption of vitamin A, a fat-soluble vitamin. This deficiency is rare in the U.S. and is usually due to failure of the intestine to absorb enough of the vitamin. Synthetic vitamin A compounds (retinoids) are being used for some skin conditions such as acne.

Yohimbe

BASIC INFORMATION

Biological name (genus and species):

  • Corynanthe yohimbe

Parts used for medicinal purposes:

  • Bark
  • Chemical this herb contains:
  • Yohimbine, also called quebrachine, aphrodine OR corynine

KNOWN EFFECTS

  • Blocks responses of parts of autonomic nervous system.

Yerba Santa

BASIC INFORMATION

Biological name (genus and species):

  • Eriodictyon californicum

Parts used for medicinal purposes:

  • Leaves

Chemicals this herb contains:

  • Formic acid
  • Pentatriacontane eriodicytyol
  • Resin
  • Tannic acid
  • Tannins

KNOWN EFFECTS

Yerba Mate

BASIC INFORMATION

Biological name (genus and species):

  • Ilex paraguariensis St. Hill

Parts used for medicinal purposes:

  • Leaves

Chemical this herb contains:

  • Caffeine

KNOWN EFFECTS

  • Stimulates central nervous system.

Yellow Lady's Slipper

BASIC INFORMATION

Biological name (genus and species):

  • Cypripedium pubescens

Parts used for medicinal purposes:

  • Roots

Chemicals this herb contains:

  • Resin
  • Tannins
  • Volatile acid
  • Volatile oils

KNOWN EFFECTS

  • Irritates mucous membranes.

Yellow Dock

BASIC INFORMATION

  • Biological name (genus and species):
  • Rumex crispus
  • Parts used for medicinal purposes:
  • Leaves
  • Roots
  • Chemical this herb contains:
  • Potassium oxalate

KNOWN EFFECTS

  • Irritates skin when handled.
  • Stimulates gastrointestinal tract.

Yellow Cedar

BASIC INFORMATION

Biological name (genus and species):

  • Thuja occidentalis

Parts used for medicinal purposes:

  • Leaves

Chemicals this herb contains:

  • Fenchone
  • Pinipirin
  • Tannins
  • Thujetic acid
  • Thujone
  • Volatile oils

KNOWN EFFECTS

Yarrow

BASIC INFORMATION

Biological name (genus and species):

  • Achillea millefolium

Parts used for medicinal purposes:

  • Berries/fruits
  • Leaves

Chemicals this herb contains:

  • Achilleic acid
  • Achilleine
  • Bitters
  • Caledivain
  • Tannins
  • Volatile oils

Wormwood

BASIC INFORMATION

Biological name (genus and species):

  • Artemisia absinthium

Parts used for medicinal purposes:

  • Berries/fruits
  • Leaves

Chemicals this herb contains:

  • Absinthol
  • Thujone
  • Volatile oils

KNOWN EFFECTS

  • Depresses central nervous system.

Wormseed

BASIC INFORMATION

Biological name (genus and species):

  • Chenopodium ambrosioides

Parts used for medicinal purposes:

  • Roots
  • Berries/fruits

Chemicals this herb contains:

  • Ascaridol
  • Calcium
  • Cymene
  • d-camphor
  • l-limonene
  • Saponin
  • Terpene

Woodruff

BASIC INFORMATION

Biological name (genus and species):

  • Asperula odorata, Galium odoratum

Parts used for medicinal purposes:

  • Entire plant

Chemicals this herb contains:

  • Asperuloside
  • Bitters
  • Coumarin
  • Oil
  • Tannins

KNOWN EFFECTS

Witch Hazel

BASIC INFORMATION

Biological name (genus and species):

  • Hamamelis virginiana

Parts used for medicinal purposes:

  • Bark
  • Leaves
  • Twigs

Chemicals this herb contains:

  • Bitters
  • Calcium oxalate
  • Gallic acid
  • Hamamelitannin
  • Hexose sugar
  • Tannins

Wintergreen

BASIC INFORMATION

Biological name (genus and species):

  • Gaultheria procumbens

Parts used for medicinal purposes:

  • Leaves
  • Roots
  • Stems

Chemicals this herb contains:

  • Methyl salicylate
  • Monotropitoside

KNOWN EFFECTS

  • Blocks impulses to pain center in brain.

Willow

BASIC INFORMATION

Biological name (genus and species):

  • Salix nigra

Parts used for medicinal purposes:

  • Bark

Chemicals this herb contains:

  • Salicin
  • Salinigrin
  • Tannins

KNOWN EFFECTS

  • Causes protein molecules to clump together.
  • Produces puckering.

White Pine

BASIC INFORMATION

Biological name (genus and species):

  • Pinus strobus, P. alba

Parts used for medicinal purposes:

  • Inner bark

Chemicals this herb contains:

  • Coniferin
  • Coniferyl alcohol
  • Mucilage
  • Oleoresin
  • Tannic acid
  • Vanillin
  • Volatile oils