Pregnancy

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Food Pyramid Power

How to use the Food Pyramid Each represents one serving. The number of servings needed each day for adults and children is indicated on the Food Pyramid. Servings in each group or shelf are interchangeable. For example, to get at least 4 servings from the Fruit and Vegetable shelf you could have: Food item Serving Half glass fruit juice 1 1 portion vegetables...

Pregnancy And Breast-Feeding Diet

General guidelines for you or your daughter during pregnancy: Increase your normal caloric intake about 10% above what you should normally consume if you were not pregnant. Except under unusual circumstances, don't try to lose weight during pregnancy. The average weight gain in an uncomplicated pregnancy is 22 to 27 pounds. Make sure your diet contains adequate...

Toxemia of Pregnancy

General Information DEFINITION - A serious disturbance in blood pressure, kidney function and the central nervous system that may occur from the 20th week of pregnancy until 7 days after delivery. BODY PARTS INVOLVED - Female reproductive system; kidneys; brain and central nervous system; blood and blood vessels. SEX OR AGE MOST AFFECTED - Pregnant females. SIGNS...

Premature Labor

General Information DEFINITION - Labor that begins before the 37th week of pregnancy. BODY PARTS INVOLVED - Female reproductive system. SEX OR AGE MOST AFFECTED - Pregnant females. SIGNS & SYMPTOMS Uterine contractions at regular intervals that begin before the fetus is mature, usually before the due date of delivery. Passage of bloody mucus (sometimes). Flow of...

Morning Sickness During Pregnancy

General Information DEFINITION - Nausea during pregnancy. This usually occurs in the morning but may occur at any time. Most pregnant women experience at least mild morning sickness. BODY PARTS INVOLVED - Muscles of the intestinal tract; vomiting center in the hypothalamus gland. SEX OR AGE MOST AFFECTED - Pregnant women. SIGNS & SYMPTOMS - Mild to severe nausea...

Abortion

General Information DEFINITION-- Removal of a fetus and accompanying tissue from the uterus. BODY PARTS INVOLVED-- Uterus; placenta; vagina (route for surgery). REASONS FOR SURGERY Missed or incomplete miscarriages. Elective termination of pregnancy. The patient should receive competent counseling before making this decision. SURGICAL RISK INCREASES WITH Obesity....

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (Fas)

General Information DEFINITION - A combination of irreversible birth abnormalities resulting from alcohol abuse by the mother during pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome has been reported in babies of women who drank 2 mixed drinks or 2-3 bottles of beer or glasses of wine a day. Lesser degrees of alcohol abuse can result in less severe birth defects (fetal alcohol...

Ectopic Pregnancy

General Information DEFINITION - A pregnancy that develops outside the uterus. The most common site is in one of the narrow tubes that connect each ovary to the uterus (Fallopian tube). Other sites include the ovary or outside the reproductive organs in the abdominal cavity or the cervix. About 1 in 100 pregnancies is ectopic. BODY PARTS INVOLVED - Female...

Anemia During Pregnancy

General Information DEFINITION - An inadequate level of hemoglobin during pregnancy. Hemoglobin is a protein that carries oxygen to body tissues. BODY PARTS INVOLVED - Blood cells. SEX OR AGE MOST AFFECTED - Pregnant females. SIGNS & SYMPTOMS Breathlessness. Tiredness, weakness or fainting. Paleness. Infrequent: Palpitations or an abnormal awareness of the...

High fat dairy foods, whole milk for fertility or to get pregnant

The best time to prepare your body for a healthy pregnancy is long before you make a decision to become pregnant. The sooner you start eating well, the more likely you are to get pregnant. For both men and women, food and fertility are linked. You need to stick to a balanced diet to boost your chances of conceiving and of having a healthy baby. Eat several servings...

Get vitamin D during pregnancy from sunlight; even benefit for your future child

Balanced energy/protein supplementation improves foetal growth and may reduce the risk of foetal and neonatal death in nutritionally vulnerable women or those at risk for low birth weight children. High-protein supplementation alone is not beneficial and it is associated with an increased risk of small for gestational age (SGA). Energy/protein restriction for...

Why would you take vitamin C during pregnancy!!!!!

Both mom and fetus need vitamin C daily — it acts as a cementing agent that holds new cells together. It helps in the growing up of the fetus and builds strong bones and teeth. And it helps the iron absorption of the mom. Try to include a vitamin C-rich food with every meal to get the most iron out of the other foods you eat. From the huge function of Vitamin C, some...

UNICEF, WHO & UNAIDS infant breast feeding guideline should be revised for HIV-positive /AIDS mother

The benefits of breast-feeding are well established. Breast milk contains the right balance of nutrients for your baby, and the antibodies in breast milk boost your baby's immune system. But in some cases, exclusive breast-feeding isn't possible or practical.Breast-feeding for at least four months helps boost your baby's immune system. Breast-feeding throughout the...