Disease

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Acute Bronchitis

GENERAL INFORMATION DESCRIPTION Acute bronchitis is an inflammation of the air passages of the lungs. The trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles are involved. Appropriate health care includes: Self-care, if the child is in good overall health. Physician's monitoring of general condition and medications if the child has chronic lung disease or if complications develop....

Bronchiolitis

GENERAL INFORMATION DESCRIPTION Bronchiolitis is inflammation of the bronchioles, the smallest branches of the respiratory tree. These carry air from the large bronchial tubes to microscopic air sacs in the lungs. The air sacs transfer oxygen to the bloodstream. Bronchiolitis can affect children of both sexes, usually under age 6. Appropriate health care includes:...

Breast Abscess

GENERAL INFORMATION DESCRIPTION A breast abscess is an infected area of breast tissue that becomes filled with pus when the body fights the infection. Body parts involved include breast tissue, the nipple, milk glands, and milk ducts. Breast abscesses can affect girls at puberty and, very seldom, boys. Appropriate health care includes: Self-care after diagnosis....

Toxocara (Toxocariasis, Visceral Larva Migrans)

GENERAL INFORMATION DESCRIPTION Toxocara is a disorder resulting from invasion of larvae of worms normally found in the intestines of dogs and cats. These same larvae cause a skin disease (larva migrans or creeping eruption) if they invade no deeper than the skin. If they invade deeper tissues of humans they may affect many organs, including the eye, liver, lungs,...

Lyme Disease (Ld; Lyme Arthritis)

GENERAL INFORMATION DESCRIPTION Lyme disease is an inflammatory disorder characterized by a skin rash, followed in weeks to months by symptoms in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), cardiovascular system, and joints. This is named for Lyme, Connecticut, where it was first described. Body parts involved include the skin of the thighs, buttocks, or...

Cat-Scratch Fever

GENERAL INFORMATION DESCRIPTION Cat-scratch fever is a mild infectious disease of unknown cause resulting from a scratch by a cat. It is not contagious from person to person. More than one family member can be infected at one time. The skin and lymph glands are involved. Appropriate health care includes: Self-care after diagnosis. Physician's monitoring of general...

Diseases Caused By Pets

LARVA MIGRANS (ROUNDWORM) - Caused by a child eating soil contaminated with feces from puppies or kittens. Treated with medication taken orally. TOXOPLASMOSIS - Caused by a parasite transmitted when a child cleans a kitten's litter box or otherwise handles cat feces. Symptoms include muscle pain, swollen lymph glands, and skin rash. Toxoplasmosis in a more severe...

Blood-Transfusion Reaction Symptoms

GENERAL INFORMATION DESCRIPTION Blood-transfusion reaction symptoms are triggered by the body's response to a foreign substance. The blood, blood vessels, kidneys, heart, skin, central nervous system, and lungs are involved. Appropriate health care includes: Physician's monitoring of general condition and medications. Hospitalization. Patients receiving transfusions...

Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Agents & Thiazide Diuretics

BRAND & GENERIC NAMES ATENOLOL & CHLORTHALIDONE Co-Betaloc Corzide Inderide Inderide LA Lopressor HCT METOPROLOL & HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE NADOLOL & BENDROFLUMETHIAZIDE Normozide PINDOLOL & HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE PROPRANOLOL & HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE Tenoretic Timolide TIMOLOL & HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE Trandate HCT Viskazide BASIC INFORMATION Habit...

Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Agents

Brand & Generic Names ATENOLOL & NADOLOL & CHLORTHALIDONE BENDROFLUMETHIAZIDE BETAXOLOL & Normozide CHLORTHALIDONE PINDOLOL & Co-Betaloc HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE Corzide...

Belladonna Alkaloids & Barbiturates

Brand & Generic Names Antrocol Donna-Sed ATROPINE & PHENOBARBITAL Donnatal ATROPINE, HYOSCYAMINE, Donnatal Extentabs SCOPOLAMINE & Donnatol No. 2 BUTABARBITAL Donphen ATROPINE,...

Beclomethasone

BRAND & GENERIC NAMES Beclovent Beclovent Rotacaps Beconase Inhaler Becotide Propaderm Vancenase Inhaler Vanceril BASIC INFORMATION Habit forming? No Prescription needed? Yes Available as generic? No Drug class: Cortisone drug (adrenal corticosteroid, see Drugs Glossary), antiasthmatic USES Prevents attacks of bronchial asthma and allergic hay fever. Does...

Barbiturates

Brand & Generic Names Alurate Lotusate Caplets Amaphen Luminal AMOBARBITAL Mebaral Amytal Medigesic Ancalixir MEPHOBARBITAL Anolor-300...

Lumbo-dorsal back sprain

GENERAL INFORMATION DESCRIPTION A lumbo-dorsal back sprain is a violent overstretching of one or more ligaments in the lumbo-dorsal vertebrae of the spine. This is the most stable section of the vertebral column. Sprains involving two or more ligaments cause considerably more disability than single-ligament sprains. When the ligament is overstretched, it becomes...

Athlete's Foot(Tinea Pedis; Ringworm of the Feet)

GENERAL INFORMATION DESCRIPTION Athlete's foot is a common, contagious fungus infection of the skin on the feet. The feet, especially the soles and the skin between the toes (usually the 4th and 5th toes), are involved. Athlete's foot can affect both sexes and all ages but is more common in adolescents than younger children. Appropriate health care includes: Self-...